Dr. Edward C. Papenfuse
Maryland State Archivist and Commissioner of Land Patents
"THE DEFEAT OF THE BRITISH ARMY AND THE END OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR LEGITIMIZED JOHN HANSON'S POSITION AS THE NATIONS FIRST PRESIDENT"
Professor Ralf Levering
“No other person in Frederick at that time had Hanson’s experience in government and public finance”
President John Hanson's General
"Truth will ultimately prevail where there is pains taken to bring it to light."
The Honorable James L. Buckley is an American who has held a high office in all three branches of the federal government of the United States of America – a two term Senator representing the State of New York in the Legislative Branch, Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs in the Executive Branch and a Federal Judge of the United States Court of Appeals in the Judicial Branch. After Judge James L. Buckley made a full review of my discoveries, he has recognized the contributions and role of John Hanson while proclaiming ~
“I commend the work you are doing to insure John Hanson’s own contributions to our founding are better known and appreciated. I have particular reference to his contributions to the success of American arms through the development of the long rifle and his service as our first president under the Articles of Confederation.”
Captain John Van Arsdale raising into place our American flag, the flag that was carried by the Maryland Line
After a roundup of last of the British soldiers to be sent home to England from the prison in Frederick, Maryland and throughout the states, the British prisoners were brought together at Battery Park, a location along the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City. On November 25, 1783, the round up became known as Evacuation Day with the last of the British soldiers to leave the American soil.
As the last of the British made their way to their ships, a final gesture was made by these British soldiers before their departure. They decided to take pleasure in the greasing of a flagpole that held their Union Jack flag. As humorous as this was to the British in preventing their flag from removal, an American by the name of Captain John Van Arsdale managed to hammer nails into the pole and climb to its top. Captain Arsdale ripped down the Union Jack and fittingly replaced the British flag with the flag that flew so proudly throughout the continental army within the organization that John Hanson created - the Maryland Line. They had replaced the British flag with a flag that was intended to be the flag of our new nation with its 12 stars in a circle with one star in it's center representing each state. It was a design that every state could admire as it told a message to all who looked upon it – out of many, we are one…
Senator George Pearre
(1860 – 1923)
Senator George A. Pearre of Maryland addressed the United States Congress in 1903 and stated the following about the organization created by John Hanson called Maryland Line. It would make up the bulk of the professional riflemen of the continental army from the very beginning of the American Revolutionary War until its very end.
Senator Pearre stated, "Must we be told again that the old Maryland Line was first to drive the serried ranks of England from the heights of Harlem (Battle of Harlem Heights), at the point of the bayonet, and that they bore the brunt of almost every fight thenceforth to Valley Forge? Must the generous haste with which her sons responded to the call of the conquered Carolinas be recounted, and how, from Camden to Eutaw Springs, through Guilford Courthouse, Hobkirk's Hill, and Cowpens, with determined courage born of patriotic conviction, with an impetuous valor inspired by its responsibility to the future of mankind, the Maryland Line, the tenth legion of Greene’s army, the old guard of the Continental forces, dashed through Morgan throughout the veterans of the daring Tarleton and with Howard through the Irish Bluffs of the gallant Webster, and drove them at the point of the bayonet, in panic from the field?"
In a short publication, in 1927, President Gilbert Grosvenor of the National Geographic Society gave credit to John Hanson FOR THE MAPPING AND DESIGN OF THE UNITED STATES AND COMPLETE CREDIT TO PRESIDENT JOHN HANSON FOR THE WHOLE COURSE OF OUR NATIONAL LIFE.
SUPPORT A CHANGE TO OUR GOVERNMENT WITH A RETURN TO GREATER REPRESENTATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND A REMOVAL OF A LEGISLATIVE ABILITY TO VOTE ON SENSITIVE ISSUES THAT DIVIDES THE NATION. GO TO WWW.SAVEYOURNATION.ORG TOGETHER, WE CAN SAVE OUR NATION.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (1841-1935)
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Of President John Hanson,“Men who never heard of him will be moving to the measure of his thought.”
In a 1903 address to the United States Congress,Maryland Senator George Wellington stated of President John Hanson and his personal contributions:
He (John Hanson) was active in organizing the Maryland Line and contributed freely from his means, not only to his own state government, but it is recorded of him at this time that he sent £200 sterling (of his own money) for the relief of the poor of Boston, then suffering by reason of British invasion.
WELCOME TO A DISCOVERY OF THE NATION'S FIRST PRESIDENT.
IT'S SIMPLY A DISCOVERY OF COMMON SENSE.
There is a significant history that was omitted from our nation's story. Especially when it comes to the many reasons why John Hanson was elected into the first full term of the congress of the United States with the actual birth of the nation. Almost a decade later, we adopted our second constitution without a war to be won or a nation to be named. The adoption of a second constitution was in a continuing government and with a continuing election into the office of the president that was spelled out and recognized in the articles of the first constitution. It was a fundamental change to form a more perfect Union along with a continuation in the election of a President of the United States of America.
President Hanson did what a first President of the United States of America would do under the first administration…
The United States in Congress Assembled went into official operation on November 5th, 1781 and unanimously elected John Hanson for his leading contributions to bring about a successful American Revolutionary War and for the creation of the United States of America. He is significantly, the only chosen candidate with all ballots from all thirteen States.
John Hanson was elected into the very first full term that is written into the first constitution with its date to commence on November 5th of each year to include the commencement of its first congress of the United States. That first election followed one month immediately after the defeat of the British in the final Battle of Yorktown in October. During his term, President John Hanson’s wife, Jane Contee Hanson, would be recognized as First Lady and they would both occupy the Presidents house in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
FIRST LADY JANE CONTEE HANSON
President John Hanson becomes the very first in the nation's history to be recognized by George Washington, all thirteen States of the United States of America and nations around the world as our first President.
The United States is organized with its first President, representatives of Congress, Commander in Chief of the Army, Secretary of Congress, Office of the Secretary of the United States, (currently the position of Secretary of State). Finance Department (superseding the U.S. Treasury), Foreign Affairs Department, Consular Service, War Department (presently Department of Defense), Marine Department (presently Department of the Navy), United States Post Office. First Postmaster General of the United States appointed by President Hanson
First President John Hanson and the Congress of the United States of America assembles in Philadelphia and receives his General, George Washington in order to officially thank him for his service as Commander of the American Army along with the Marquis de Lafayette to be given thanks to the French for making the revolutionary war – a success.
John Hanson initiated the Peace Treaty negotiations that began in April of 1782 with the appointment of Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and John Adams to represent the United States of America as France formally recognizes the United States of America with its first President John Hanson.
The position of a Chairman of Congress was created (currently the Vice President of the United States).
The first chartered Bank of North America is created in Philadelphia to be the nation’s central bank.
President John Hanson orders Major General Greene to wrap up the remaining British in the southern States.
President John Hanson orders John Adams as United States Ambassador to Holland.
On May 13,1782, Presidential protocol for the future of all Presidents was getting established and President Hanson attend the first State Dinner in honor of French Minister Chevalier de la Luzerne. President John Hanson presides at the nation's first state dinner in honor of the French Minister, Chevalier de la Luzerne and provides a letter to the king of France.
Under John Hanson’s presidency, General George Washington, established the Order of the Purple Heart on August 7, 1782, at Newburgh, New York, for soldiers wounded in battles. The original title of this award was the "Badge of Military Merit." Although we have record of three early recipients from Connecticut, the "book of merit" mentioned by George Washington has never been found.
The Order of the Purple Heart was established long before the second constitution of today, and it continues to be officially recognized “in the name of the President of the United States of America.” Anything less to deny John Hanson as the first President of the United States of America would diminish the specific purpose of the award to its earliest recipients.
President John Hanson and Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States. On September 16,1782, Secretary Thomson used the Great Seal and press for the very first time. That first document with its seal, was a full power authorizing General Washington to negotiate with the power to sign with the British in an agreement for the exchange, subsistence, and better treatment of prisoners of war. It was signed by President John Hanson and countersigned by Secretary Thomson as our nation’s first executive order.
President Hanson orders Washington to exchange prisoners with Great Britain
President John Hanson endorses ratification of a treaty between the United States of America with Holland and Sweden.
President Hanson declares the last Thursday of November to be observed annually nationwide as Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of November
Gilbert Grosvenor 1875 - 1966
President of the National Geographic Society
OUR FIRST PRESIDENT
AN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR WAS FOUGHT IN ORDER TO CREATE THE MOST MAGNIFICENT DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT IN THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD.
A GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE WAS ESTABLISHED WHILE FORMING A NEW NATION TO BE CALLED THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. IT WOULD COMMENCE WITH ITS VERY FIRST CONSTITUTIONAL REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH STATE AND ITS VERY FIRST PRESIDENT AT ITS HEAD.
WITH ONE OF THE GREATEST AND MOST SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD - A HISTORY THAT FINALLY DELIVERED A NATION TO ESTABLISH THE NATURAL RIGHTS OF ALL THE PEOPLE, ONE MUST WONDER WHY HISTORY TODAY DOES NOT TELL US WHO THIS MOST SIGNIFICANT FIRST PRESIDENT UNDER THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MIGHT BE...WHY HISTORY DOES NOT TELL US WHO THESE FIRST AMERICAN PATRIOTS AND FIRST REPRESENTATIVES SELECTED AS THEIR VERY FIRST PRESIDENT WHEN THEY ASKED THEMSELVES - "WHO PUT FORTH THE HIGHEST DEGREE OF CONTRIBUTIONS AND SACRIFICE IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA?"
HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED WHY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IS SO DIVIDED WHILE NOT FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL INTENT OF THE NATION TO BE A UNITED SOCIETY OF HAPPY PEOPLE?
HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED WHY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA CELEBRATES ITS BIRTHDAY ON THE DAY THE NATION WAS CONCEIVED WHILE UNDER THE CONTROL OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NOT THE ACTUAL DAY WHEN THE NATION WAS GIVEN ITS PROPER BIRTH?
INSTEAD OF CELEBRATING THE ACTUAL BIRTHDAY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WITH THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH ITS FIRST SET OF REPRESENTATIVES AND FIRST PRESIDENT UNDER THE ORIGINAL AND FIRST CONSTITUTION THAT AMERICAN PATRIOTS FOUGHT AND DIED FOR, WE THE PEOPLE CELEBRATE A DECLARATION - AN ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, GREAT BRITAIN AND THE KING OF ENGLAND. WE CELEBRATE AN ANNOUNCEMENT OF OUR INTENT TO SEPERATE FROM GREAT BRITAIN AND THE KING. WE DO SO WHILE KNOWING THAT AMERICANS WOULD CONTINUE TO FIGHT A WAR WHILE UNDER THE RULE OF GREAT BRITAIN AND THE KING OF ENGLAND FOR AN ADDITIONAL FIVE YEARS... AMERICAN COLONIST KNEW ALL TOO WELL THAT DESPITE THIS NEW DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, THEY WOULD NEED TO DEFEAT THE BRITISH ARMY BEFORE THEY COULD GIVE BIRTH TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WITH ITS FIRST CONSTITUTION IN ORDER TO BECOME A NEW NATION.
LONG AFTER THE AMERICAN COLONIST CONCEIVED THE INTENT TO SEPARATE WITH A DECLARATION, IT WOULD BE AN ADDITIONAL FIVE YEARS BEFORE PATRIOTS WOULD FINALLY DEFEAT THE BRITISH ARMY, WIN THEIR INDEPENDENCE AND TAKE OWNERSHIP OF THE SOIL BEFORE THE NEW NATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WAS BORN.
WITH A FINAL END TO THE TITLE OF COLONIST WITH THE DEFEAT OF THE BRITISH ARMY AT YORKTOWN IN OCTOBER OF 1781, THE BIRTH OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA WITH ITS NEW CITIZENRY AND NEW FOUND FREEDOM WOULD COMMENCE UNDER THE OPERATION OF THE FIRST CONSTITUTION IN THE FOLLOWING MONTH OF NOVEMBER. IT WOULD NOT BE FOR ALMOST ANOTHER DECADE THAT GEORGE WASHINGTON WOULD BE ELECTED UNDER THE SECOND ADOPTED CONSTITUTION OF TODAY.
MOST NOTABLY TO THE FIRST CONSTITUTION, IT IS THE ONLY DOCUMENT AND BIRTH CERTIFICATE THAT GIVES THE NEW NATION -ITS NAME...
"THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA"
This Website is dedicated to President John Hanson and his contributions to win an American Revolutionary War along with his overall effort that delivered the birth of the United States of America - a birth that commenced after the Continental Congress was dissolved by the first Constitution that formed the United States of America.
President John Hanson was not only the first President of the United States - he was elected for his sacrifice and significant contributions to win the American Revolutionary War while becoming the Nation’s first constitutional President of the United States of America.
Although George Washington was elected as the first President of the second adopted constitution of today, John Hanson has never received the honor to be elected under the first and original United States Constitution. It’s a bit surprising when you consider the fact that John Hanson was elected immediately after the defeat of the British Army with the birth of the Nation and by the American patriots and representatives who were most intimate to the American Revolutionary War. More surprising is the fact that George Washington was elected under the participation of only 10 States before New York, Rhode Island and North Carolina joined the Union while John Hanson was believed to be unanimously nominated and elected by all 13 States under the constitution that American patriots fought and died for. Only President John Hanson met the terms and definitions of the original United States Constitution to become the first President of the United States of America commencing with the operation of the Nations government.
The Nations government has operated continuously under two constitutions and the criticism to the abandonment of the first constitution has never met its merits over the desire to form a larger government. One of the strongest arguments for abandonment of the original constitution was the inability to collect taxes and therefore the first constitution was too weak. With much irony, this argument has always been untrue and disingenuous when the very first problem under the second constitution was its inability to collect taxes after its ratification. Known to historians, an emergency session to bring Congress assembled with President Washington was called to resolve the very same problem that attempts to give reason to abandon the first constitution.
Ironically, the Nation's taxes under todays second constitution would be collected in a similar manner as under the first constitution - between the States, until the formation of the current design of a Federal Reserve in 1913 with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act.
As the American Revolution was ending, the de facto government of the Continental Congress I and II came to an end by the ratification of the first constitution on March 1, 1781. The nation’s representatives formed the Congress Assembled as the body of Congress is called today and the final Battle of Yorktown brought an end to British control that October with the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and the British Army.
On the 5th of November 1781, the Nations first constitutional representatives held the first term election for the most important position of a President and elected John Hanson as its first President under the definitions of the first Constitution of the United States of America.
I suspect that many individuals assume the history taught has always been the absolute truth when so many in numbers are in agreement to what is accepted. A good example is the Snopes.com site that is known for telling its readers what is true and what is false. Snopes.com tells us John Hanson could not be the first President when the office of the President did not exist. The only problem is - it did and Snopes never did the research. Article IX of the first constitution gives the terms to the office of the President. There are additional articles and claims that John Hanson did not have executive powers when in fact he did. President Hanson made a practice of Executive Power when he endowed General George Washington with his authority while providing broad powers of negotiation of American prisoners in exchange for British prisoners. This executive authority is provided in a letter from President John Hanson and officiated with the Great Seal of the United States of America.
As for this article on John Hanson, my investigative research and discoveries delivers history from a different prospective while reading all documents as they are written. My intent is simply to give honor where honor is due to those who died and gave it their all.
There is much to be said when John Hanson recognized what he called, "the finest moment of public virtue in the annals of the world.” Especially when the Nation today is far from that moment in time and furthest from its first President of the United States of America.
Copyright © John j Cummings. All Rights Reserved.
THE FLAG OF THE MARYLAND LINE WAS INTENDED TO BE OUR NATIONS FLAG. IT WAS FLOWN AT WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS THROUGHOUT THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR. IT HAS BEEN CALLED MANY NAMES WITHOUT A PROPER ATTACHMENT. MOST NOTABLY, THE FLAG HAS BEEN CALLED THE HONORARY FLAG OF THE BATTLE OF COWPENS AND THE TRUMBULL FLAG - SIMPLY BECAUSE OF ITS LOCATION AT THAT TIME AND AFTER THE PAINTER, JOHN TRUMBULL, WHO PAINTED THIS FLAG OVER WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS.
Senator Jonathan Dolliver of Iowa
(1858 – 1910)
"In the case of one of them, John Hanson, she (Maryland), has done a tardy act of justice to a man whose eminence in the public service had been almost lost in the waste of time, a man who in a particularly appropriate sense was the representative of the national ideal throughout the Revolutionary struggle.”
President Dwight Eisenhower
1890 - 1969
President Eisenhower praised John Hanson for "His vital role in the beginning of our national life and independence."