In my days as a youth, I stumbled upon the name of John Hanson. The discovery was at a time when I learned he passed away a short distance from my family home in Maryland. Of my neighbors within the small town of Oxon Hill, some proclaimed that John Hanson was the first President of the United States. Others were curious about his missing remains from the burial grounds of the Oxon Hill Manor. Indeed, the interesting statements and claims raised many questions about our early American history, but it was in the uncovering of surprising answers that made a lasting impression throughout my life.
While looking into the mysterious life of John Hanson, I always followed my father’s advice in order to get honest answers from research. He always told me not to believe in conspiracies and to keep my feet on the ground. It was common sense advice whereas most decisions in life had little to do with conspiracies and much to do with following the money. I launched my research from a base of our nation’s earliest citations to discover a modest man named John Hanson. It was a simple search that originally started out from curiosity, but with the uncovering of surprising citations from historical writings attached to the life of John Hanson, the research gradually focused on Hanson’s significant contributions to achieving independence. There were so many of his major contributions and sacrifices for American independence with supporting citations surrounding his time period, that I was overwhelmed by the principle of giving honor where honor is due by telling his amazing story.
With discoveries of what John Hanson contributed to the framing of the nation, an account began to take shape with his hands in the design of many states to make up the nation. Just one of John Hanson’s many contributions is why former President Gilbert Grosvenor of the National Geographic Society gave credit to John Hanson for the mapping and design of the United States andcomplete credit to President John Hanson for the “whole course of our national life.” It was John Hanson’s efforts that shaped the future of our nation with its intended constitution that was drafted in the spirit of the Declaration of Independence. His contribution to the framing of the nation was a significant story by itself, but there was a greater account that involved his vast contributions to the creation of an organized army and the success of the American Revolutionary War. It was a story from long ago and a discovery of an account in the most critical contributions that brought about the birth of the nation. An amazing story of why John Hanson was elected as our nation’s first President.
I never thought that something like this discovery was remotely possible considering the narrative from what we learned about our nation’s history while growing up. But for over a century, historical scholars regularly say they don’t have the most important answers to many interesting questions about our history and that they still can’t answer these very same questions today. An example was the historical question, “Why did George Washington show up in his military uniform at the Continental Congress?” Remarkably, the omitted history of our nation’s first President answers this question and many more. The answers to many questions were plain and simple with the inclusion of John Hanson and our missing history, and now our American story made perfect common sense.
Secondary to all of this, the missing history of our nation and its first President tells us why we are not following so many principles that were intended to be perpetual. I thought if these original principles under the first set of forefathers were kept perpetual as they were intended to be, that Hanson would naturally retain the recognition as our first President along with the honor he deserves. At this present and crucial time —we seem to have strayed far away from these original principles and ethical levels of governing that Thomas Jefferson had also wished we embodied. Especially in that of a limited government with a strong level of individual representation that once defined and distinguished us as a people and a Nation.
While longing for a return to those noble principles of honesty that were once a greater commonality, in addition to having a desire to find the answers to how we abandoned the direction of such principles in government, I have spent over two decades performing exhaustive research on the claim of our nation’s first President. It has become an amazing and completely unexpected discovery with surprising results along the way that not only fill gaps in our U. S. history with the complete story, but perhaps a roadmap to a greater future of happiness as envisioned by our earliest founding father named John Hanson.
Although John Hanson's story is intertwined with the American Revolutionary War and its Congress or what is more commonly known as the Continental Congress, the most magnificent story of his presidency begins after the Continental Congress was dissolved with our first Congress of the United States under the Constitution that brought about our nation’s birth. It was the first United States Constitution that finally dissolved the Continental Congress as the laws of that first constitution gave birth to the United States of America with its official naming of the new nation along with the commencement of the first full set of representative terms under the first Congress of the United States Assembled. It was this first Congress that launched the very first full terms of United States representatives along with the first full term of the first President of the United States of America. It was unquestionably the creation of a nation’s first President within the office of the President mentioned in Article IX. It is unquestionably this first and only constitution and document that gave our nation its name in article one – The United States of America.
Under the operation of the new nation’s first constitution, the election and commencement of the nation’s first presidency went into force and naturally did so directly after the end of the American Revolutionary War. This first full term of presidency that initiated the nation’s first United States government went immediately into operation after the surrender of the British Army. It was a British defeat that was joyfully recognized and received with a formal surrender in a letter of capitulation signed by Lord Cornwallis, the prominent General of the American British Armies. It would be the nation’s first President John Hanson to immediately give formal thanks in Philadelphia to his General George Washington and the French Army for their many contributions to win the American Revolutionary War. With so much accomplished to bring about the birth of the United States of America on November 5, 1781, it is hard to believe we do not celebrate the nation’s actual birthday with its first President John Hanson.
With the words written into the following documents to be self-evident, the first United States constitution, known as The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, created the Congress of the United States Assembled to legislate the United States of America. With its first congress in place and the election of its first President into the office of the President with our nation’s representatives, President Hanson was elected into the very first full presidential term on November 5th of 1781 and the government was officially in force under the laws of that constitution with the birth of a new nation that better reflects the purpose of those early patriots. These were the original forefathers who fought a war to create what they envisioned to be – a happy society of people. In almost a decade to follow, this very same United States government that launched the new nation with its first President John Hanson, adopted a fundamental change in a second Constitution. It is the second United States Constitution that is in place today in a continuing government of the United States of America.
When I asked myself, when does a new nation with its first President go into force? I am left to ask, “before we win the Revolution with the British holding onto that ownership of America or at the surrender of the enemy when patriots take ownership of the soil under their feet or finally, almost a decade later with a second adopted constitution without a war to be won or a nation that was already created and named?” The answer always brought me back to President John Hanson and the sacrifices of so many patriots that better reflect the United States constitution and a system of government they engendered and died for. It was a United States of America and a United States Congress that was intended to be. More importantly, it was a constitution that was in every way, directly attached to the Declaration of Independence in order to deliver the best means to keep those declared principles for all people in a constitution of a perpetual Union, and all of this was a design to prevent the atrocities we witness today. It was the truthful answers to my questions that led to many cited discoveries of patriotic intent that was attached to a Declaration of Independence that gave the nation – its purpose. It was a discovery we have completely overlooked from our American history with a disturbing omission in the history that surrounded the nation’s first President - John Hanson.
Our American history was truly the people’s intent to claim the soil from beneath their feet, and their blood paid a heavy price as it poured into that soil during the Revolutionary War. The reward in ownership of American soil would be a historical accomplishment—the world’s first society of free people who had united to take ownership of a new nation while forming a democracy that intended to inevitably give its people full representation – a level of representation and government ownership to prevent entitlements we see today from special interest groups that run away with the people’s money. It was unquestionably to be an accomplishment with the intent for greater accountability of the money. All of this original intent began when the American people under the thirteen British colonies who sought to create sovereign States to govern themselves in every manner in which we would use common sense to govern their own households. They created a constitution from the intent that was found in the Declaration of Independence in order to secure and hold together a new nation while charting a course for eternity – perpetuity. With its attachment to the Declaration of Independence, a constitution was formed in order to create highly respected servants to carry out the will of the people.
The initial design of The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union created and promoted a happy society of people in the world’s first representative democracy of a limited government within a nation named – The United States of America. It was an achievement that was secured by a revolutionary war in order to put in place a constitution that would provide the greatest representation to all the people that its founders stipulated in a Declaration of Independence.
History professor Merrill Jensen at the University of Wisconcin, found numerous citations showing the nation with its first constitution was experiencing incredible growth in every possible way with a growing economy reflecting the same spirit of the original colonist. However, the federal government was still in debt and a change to the spirit of a growing economy in Massachusetts was challenged when farm crops failed and the state of Massachusetts mirrored that of a British solution with greater controls over the people. Compounding this issue was the threat of a controlling federal system when in 1786; the President of the United States, Nathaniel Gorham from Massachusetts was elected. It was considered to be one on the most unusual elections of a President. Nathaniel Gorham was friends with Alexander Hamilton who associated with Governor Morris and Robert Morris. These men were well known to want a king instead of a Presidency and it was Governor Morris who wrote the preamble to the second constitution, “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union.” It was thought to be either President Gorham or Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who served in the American Army during the revolutionary war that suggested to Alexander Hamilton the possibility of Prince Henry to become a King of the United States. Although the offer was made under the Presidency of Nathaniel Gorham in 1786, it was quickly revoked and considered to be another scheme to undermine the government of the United States while causing additional instability. As for the state of Massachusetts, the government had lost its common sense in a solution that was found in the forgiveness of debt until a better crop year. Nevertheless, the problem that started in Massachusetts with a return to government tyranny and the rumors of greater Federal control and the possibility of a king, pushed patriots to become rebellious. It would be known as Shays Rebellion and it commenced about the same time as the Annapolis Convention that brought about the Constitutional Convention. The rebellion to fight government tyranny and greater government control by American patriots, specifically those who fought for independence, would be cited as a need to make a fundamental change to a second constitution with greater federal controls. Unknown to many, this new constitution would be pushed through and adopted without any regards to the laws under the first constitution. A specific law under the first constitution required an approval from all thirteen States as written into the proper adoption of all changes transcribed in article thirteen under the nation’s first constitution.
Article XIII – “Articles of this confederation shall be inviolably observed by every state, and the union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of the united states, and be afterward confirmed by the legislatures of every state.”
Despite the unconstitutional adoption, the second constitution moved forward by a partial vote from nine States without the ability to give name to a nation that was already named, already created and under government operation as this new constitution implemented a more expansive form of federalism. Against the wishes of many patriots like Samuel Adams, George Mason, James Monroe along with Thomas Jefferson who was a firm believer that power corrupts, the second constitution was intended to form a greater federal system of government for the reasoning that the nation needed to be honored and respected on a continental scale. As powers were shifted away from the people and their states, the people’s representation and ownership were naturally reduced. After the second constitution was in force in 1789, an event took place that was much worse than Shays Rebellion as investors both domestic and internationally, began to pull out their investments and the credit market collapsed. Much more devastating than the Massachusetts farmer’s bad crop year, the end result is known as the Panic of 1796–1797, and as the second constitution continued, broader commercial downturns increased. Along with this collapse, Americans experienced the collapse of a thriving United States economy with its potential to pay off its debts in the long run from its very design. In many cases from the commencement of the second constitution, American patriots like Robert Morris, a leading fundraiser of the Revolutionary War, suffered a complete loss of wealth with bankruptcy in 1798 followed by debtors’ prison. This was the same problem with farmers who were imprisoned for debt in Massachusetts that led to Shays Rebellion. As for Samuel Chase, who was about to enter debtors prison, George Washington would save him from prison with an appointment and congress would free Robert Morris. After the turn of the century, George Washington’s estate of Mount Vernon that was held by family members, along with John Hanson’s birthplace of Port Tobacco, went into ruins and continued to do so in the early to mid-1800’s. The nation was on a struggling path in the early 1800’s with many issues to overwhelm the federal level of government to include numerous banking and budget issues. Most importantly, the expansion created a judicial branch that had no authority to interpret the adopted constitution that continues to plague the understanding of our laws of our nation today. Although the banking and judicial issues compromised the nation, the voting of sensitive issues at the federal level set a direction of division throughout the American society with the possibility of a war between the States. In addition to a greater bureaucracy and a growing division, the nation would eventually see a complexity of bills that prevented a full understanding of the bills contents before the vote. This was not a system of public virtue and happiness that men like John Hanson had given everything to engender.
We’ve always been taught that George Washington was the first President of the United States, but he was actually the first President of the second adopted constitution in a continuing government of the United States of America. This reminder of a continuing government is made clear in the preamble of the second constitution (set of laws), we follow today. “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” This reminder of a more perfect Union, a reminder of a continuing Union, tells us that “if” we are to recognize its Presidents under this Union named, the United States of America, that this specific recognition was intended to be in a continuation of the United States of America with its first President. If this is not the intention, then our Preamble would not be used in our court rooms today as reliable evidence of the Founding Fathers' intentions regarding the Constitution's meaning and what they hoped the second Constitution (the set of laws), would achieve in this continuing Union we recognize today as the United States of America.
In other words, George Washington was never the first President under the nation’s first constitution or our continuing Union that commenced with the one and only document or first constitution that officially gives us our name – The United States of America. Almost a decade before that, Washington’s respected friend and business partner, John Hanson, became the first President under the constitution that went into effect long after the Continental Congress was completely dissolved. Shortly after the surrender of British General Cornwallis at Yorktown, the nation’s representatives convened under the specific laws of the new constitution with a great deal of excitement and held that all-important election of a first President to form the first Congress of the United States Assembled. The end of the American Revolution gave legitimacy to the election of a first President and commencement of the United States Government with its first congress. Naturally, President John Hanson would give official thanks to General George Washington and the French Army for their efforts to win the American Revolutionary War in a formal ceremony in Philadelphia, Pa. However, in less than a decade, the Founding Fathers’ beliefs in a system of government they engendered and proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence and drafted into the original constitution - would be detached as this first constitution was belittled under a new proclamation that this system of government under these laws were too weak.
History tells us that such changes are not uncommon in developing nations. They are a natural occurrence, but all too often, the very freedoms the instigators of revolution seek are compromised with the ongoing organization of a national government. As my research progressed, each clue led to the exciting discovery of another puzzle piece that fit perfectly into a full picture of our nation’s missing history. My findings, overlooked by many scholars, resolve inconsistencies in textbooks, answer questions asked by historians for over two-hundred years and illuminate omissions that have gradually altered the way we see our country and ourselves. After almost two decades of investigation to decipher ancient clues and a lifetime of curiosity about the missing history of our first President, I can say conclusively that John Hanson achieved the highest level of greatness as an American statesman while overlooked as the most significant and important American patriot in the history of the United States.
The story you are about to read is long overdue. This publication sheds new light on the American Revolution, and although it was very different than what Americans have been taught, it is a powerful story that enhances—rather than detracts from our national identity. It is a story of what John Adams tried to explain to us when he stated how we overlooked, “the real revolution.” Throughout history, Americans have been given various reasons and brief explanations as to why the story of the American Revolution is told as it has come to be commonly accepted. Facts and dates are what they are, but the most crucial element that has been lost in translation is the passion of the early Americans—the people’s Original Intent.
The second constitution is given full credit for delivering the fruits we have enjoyed as Americans. The second constitution is given full credit for building the greatest nation in the world. However, the greatest nation in the world continues to experience political division, economic uncertainty, and a general decay of collective hope with more Americans removing themselves from the struggle between right and wrong, good and evil. I maintain, the voiding of a significant portion of our history has corrupted our culture, weakened our laws and placed us on an unavoidable path of an unpayable national debt with the end result of repetitive history that threatens our nation and its people each day it goes unchecked.
As you read the untold story of our nation, I hope you will place yourself at the center of a revolution and the peoples Original Intent. Discover the exciting ancient clues that were hidden in plain sight and the common-sense answers to what scholars have asked for over two hundred years. Learn about the principles that were intended to keep the nation on a common-sense course of perpetuity. Experience the untold story of world-changing patriots that I pray will strike a familiar and invigorating chord in the heart of any American.
J J Cummings
THE OXON HILL MANOR
RSPRESIDENT JOHN HANSON
FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
FIRST CONSTITUTIONAL PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO BE ELECTED INTO THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT BY ALL THIRTEEN STATES
FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO BE ELECTED FOR HIS LEADING ORGANIZATIONAL ROLE TO ACHIEVE AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
Copyright © John j Cummings. All Rights Reserved.